Quinby's New Beekeeping: The Mysteries of Beekeeping Explained, by L. C. Root, 1879, NYC
If L. L. Langstroth
is recognized as the father of modern beekeeping, then Moses Quinby
(1810-1875) is the father of commercial honey production. The two men
were contemporaneous in life and publishing: born the same year, they
also published their first books the same year. The work of these two
men, whether disseminated in print or in person, would revolutionize
beekeeping in America.
Quinby, in his early 20's, established a beekeeping business, eventually owning 1,200 hives in New York's Mohawk Valley. As a practical man, he sought to make his business more efficient and created several beekeeping aids: one of the first honey extractors in the country, the first useful knife for preparing comb for honey extraction and the first practical smoker, a hand-operated bellows that blew smoke through a tin fire pot. The latter was a very popular improvement over the previous practice of using a smoldering stick to subdue the bees during hive inspection or comb removal.
book, The Mysteries of Beekeeping Explained, came out in 1853.