Harvest of Freedom: The History of Kitchen Gardens in America

The American Gardener's Calendar, Bernard M'Mahon, Philadelphia, 1804

Bernard M'Mahon (or McMahon), a transplanted Irishman, wrote the first truly serviceable guidebook for gardening Americans. For 50 years, The American Gardener's Calendar was the standard authority, its popularity attested by 11 editions, the last in 1857. His successful Philadelphia seed and nursery business had the distinction of growing out seeds brought back from the Lewis and Clark expedition, among them beans, corn and squash grown by native Americans of the mid and far West.

The American Gardener's Calendar takes its format directly from English gardening books, instructing the reader what do each month of the year in the garden. His kitchen garden plans are also derived from the English: a walled garden lined with fruit trees and divided into beds.


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IntroductionGuides for GardenersThe American Gardener's CatalogOld Farmer's AlmanacCountry Life in AmericaChildren's GardensHeirloom VegetablesGardening for Hard TimesFuther Historical SourcesAcknowledgements


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