Forest Hills Gardens
A far more successful use of concrete in an attempt to create affordable housing was Grosvener Atterbury's design for Forest Hills Gardens, built between 1913 and 1918 in the New York City suburb of Queens. Walls, roofs and floors, as well as features such as porches, chimneys and dormers were cast on-site of nine-inch thick, hollow core concrete, the mold providing both interior and exterior wall surface finishes. Floors were finished with a surface of "nailcrete" to allow for installing hardwood flooring.
Forest Hills Gardens, built on 142 acres, is an early and successful example of a planned community in this country. The use of Atterbury's pre-cast concrete system allowed the developers to carry out their initial plan of offering affordable housing to workers living in the city.